Very first pictures of the two TBMs that will spend around three years digging the longest and deepest HS2 tunnels – from just inside the M25 to South Heath in Buckinghamshire.
HS2 can proudly reveal the first images of our first two Tunnel Boring Machines (TBMs) set to launch on the project later this year.
Alongside the brand-new pictures are a set of fascinating statistics about the giant machines:
- The TBMs are 170m in length – nearly 5 times the length of a football pitch
- Each one weighs roughly 2000 tonnes – the equivalent of 340 African bush elephants
- When they start they will run non-stop for 3.5 years – only stopping for Christmas and Bank Holidays until the tunnels are complete
- The tunnels will go as deep as 80m below the ground – ensuring communities and countryside above are not impacted by the railway
- The size of the TBM cutterhead which will bore the tunnels is 10.26m, roughly the height of two giraffes standing on top of one another
- The internal diameter of the tunnels in which the trains will pass through will be 9.1m, slightly larger than two London buses stacked on top of one another
- The tunnels will be lined with concrete segments that will be 2m x 4m and weigh on average 8.5 tonnes each
- 112,000 of these concrete segments will be required to complete both tunnels.
The public is being invited to go to https://www.hs2.org.uk/tbmvoting/ and vote for their favourite name for the TBMs from a shortlist of three chosen by local school children and inspired by female scientific and medical pioneers.
The names are:
Cecilia – named after Cecilia Payne-Gaposchkin, the Astronomer and Astrophysicist born in Buckinghamshire who became Chair of Astronomy at Harvard University in the United States. Suggested by students at Chalfont Community College in Buckinghamshire.
Florence – named after Florence Nightingale, the founder of modern nursing, who spent many years in Claydon, Buckinghamshire where she wrote numerous books on nursing. Suggested by students at Meadow High School in Hillingdon.
Marie – named after Marie Curie, the first woman to win a Nobel Prize, and the first person and the only woman to win the Nobel Prize twice. Suggested by students at Maple Cross JMI and Nursery in Hertfordshire.
Mark Thurston, Chief Executive of HS2 Ltd, said:
“The construction of HS2 is set to be an amazing opportunity to showcase global capability and innovation in the design and delivery of major infrastructure, and the Tunnel Boring Machines are one of the most fascinating aspects. Like mini cities, they will spend 24 hours a day, seven days a week boring under the Chilterns so that the homes and habitats above remain undisturbed.
“This is just one of many ways in which HS2 is delivering on its responsibilities to our neighbours and the natural environment and, when complete, the new railway will play a key role in reducing transport carbon emissions and improving air quality for the next generation.”
The machines are being built by Herrenknecht in Germany. Their names are being chosen now so they can be added to the machines during their manufacture, ready for when they emerge out of the factory.
After completion the first two machines will be disassembled before beginning their long journey to Britain. Once they have arrived on site, each TBM will be reassembled, ready for launch and to begin their life underground.
Together the TBMs will spend around three years excavating what will be the longest and deepest tunnels on the project, stretching from just inside the M25, to South Heath in Buckinghamshire.